/ Aurangabad :
- Flight : IC 887 (Indian Airlines)
- Aircraft : Airbus 320
- Departure : 1540 hr
- Arrival : 1625 hr
at hotel. Mumbai's skyline is recognizable in advertisements and pictorial depictions
stating the country's technological and financial hub. It's an imposing skyline.
The contours are hazy but the residents don't seem to mind. They love this place
and this all-encompassing love is infectious.
the few nail-on-the-head characteristics of the city? A walk on marine drive,
the gateway of india, warden road, university buildings, fort, town hall, mumbai
high court to name a few. The waves splashing against the embankment establish
an essence of mumbai too, much in the same genre as the skyline. The pub and bar
scenario here is quite state of the art and ranges from the sophisticated ones
in the five stars to the hip and trendy ones in colaba and the suburbs. Mumbai
is also known as the hollywood of india or bollywood (from the names bombay and
hollywood) and is the biggest film industry of the world.
Transfer to airport for flight
to Aurangabad. Reach and check in at hotel.
The city of
Aurangabad was founded in 1610, on the site of a village, Khirki by Malik Ambar
- the Prime Minister of Murtaza Nizam Shah II. When Fateh Khan, Malik Ambar's
son turned successor in 1626, he gave the city the name 'Fatehpur'. Later in 1653,
when Prince Aurangzeb became Viceroy of the Deccan, he made the city his capital
and called it Aurangabad. Aurangzeb added the walls that enclose the central part
of the city in 1686 in order to withstand attacks from the Maratha. There are
four principle gateways to the city - the Delhi Darwaza, the Jalna Darwaza, the
Paithan Darwaza and the Mecca Darwaza. Nine secondary gateways also formed a part
of the defensive system of this city.
has always been a prominent region on the Deccan plateau. Having been inhabited
since the Stone Age, it has a long artistic and cultural history - to which several
dynasties have made major contributions over the years. Maurya rule marked the
arrival of Buddhism in Maharashtra.
Aurangabad today is
a bustling city of Maharashtra with diverse big and small industries, fine silken
textiles, and exquisite hand woven brocades of silver and gold fabrics, Himroo
of world frame. To scholars and lovers of art and culture the city is more familiar
as the gateway to the ancient caves of Ajanta and Ellora, both famous as treasure
houses of Indian Art and Sculpture.
Overnight at Aurangabad.
Breakfast at hotel. Full day sightseeing with excursion
to Ajanta Caves.
- Ajanta caves : Nestling
in an inner fold of the Sahyardi hills, 100 km from Aurangabad in the shape of
a mammoth horse- shoe, are the 30 rock-hewn caves of Ajanta. The Caves date from
the 2nd century BC. Discovered in 1819 by a group of British army officers, these
startling achievements took around 600 years to create. Carved with little more
than a hammer and chisel, Ajanta, once the retreat of Buddhist monastic orders
features several 'chaityas' (chapels) and 'viharas' (monasteries). The exquisite
wall and ceiling paintings, panels and sculptures of Buddha's life are famous
throughout the world as the earliest and finest examples of Buddhist pictorial
Overnight at Aurangabad.
Breakfast at hotel. Visit Ellora Caves, Daulatabad Fort and Aurangabad
- Ellora Caves : Impressive in
their own right is the rock-hewn temples and monasteries of Ellora that lie just
30 km away from Aurangabad city. In all, there are 34 cave temples, 12 Mahayana
Buddhist caves (550-750 AD), 17 Hindu caves (600-875 AD) and 5 caves of the Jain
faith (800-1000 AD) 22 more caves, dedicated to Lord Shiva, were recently discovered.
Kailas Temple (cave16), the central attraction at Ellora, is the most remarkable.
Chiseled by hand from a single massive rock, it includes a gateway, pavilion,
courtyard, vestibule, sanctum, sanctorum and tower which bear testimony to the
excellence of Dravidian art. Is believed to have taken 7000 laborers, working
in continuos shifts and 150 years to build. Ever since the first European visitors
in 18th Century, Ellora has attracted chroniclers, antiquarians, scholars and
in more recent years, ever- increasing number of tourists.
- Aurangabad Caves : The almost forgotten
caves of Aurangabad lie just outside the city. Excavated between the 2nd and 6th
century AD, they reflect TANTRIC influences in their iconography and architectural
designs. In all there are nine caves which are mainly viharas (monasteries).
most interesting among these are Caves 3 and 7. The former is supported on 12
highly ornate columns and has sculptures depicting scenes from the legendary 'Jakata'
tales. Cave 7 with its detailed figures of bejeweled women also has a dominating
sculpture of a 'Bodhisattva' praying for deliverance.
Daulatabad Fort : Once known as 'Devgiri', this magnificent 12th century
fortress stands on a hill just 13 km. from Aurangabad. It was given the name Daulatabad,
the 'city of fortune', by Muhammad Tughlaq, Sultan of Delhi. Initially a Yadav
stronghold, it passed through the hands of several dynasties in the Deccan. One
of the world's best preserved fort of medieval times, surviving virtually unaltered,
Daulatabad yet displays the character that made it invincible.
Fortress that was conquered only by treachery. A series of secret, quizzical,
subterranean passages lie coiled like a python amidst the fort. Here flaring torches
were thrust upon an unwary enemy. Or hot oil poured down his path, as he deliberated
in the labyrinth. Also the heat from a brazier was blown into the passage by a
process of suction suffocating the entire garrison within. The Fort itself lies
in the body of an isolated hill; the steep hill - sides at the base falling so
sharply to the moat that no hostile troops could scale the height.
moat, 40 ft. deep with mechanical drawbridges teemed with crocodiles. A 5-kilometer
sturdy wall, artificial scarping and a complicated series of defenses made Daulatabad
impregnable. The 30-meter high Chand Minar (Tower) built much later with 3 circular
galleries had a defensive and religious role in the fortress.